ADHD Facts- Dispelling the Myths

  • ADHD is a genuine neurobiological disorder that was clinically observed more than 100 years ago.
  • All of the major medical associations and government health agencies recognize this fact because the scientific evidence is overwhelming.
  • ADHD occurs in 5 to 12% of school age children world wide.
  • ADHD is the most common mental health disorder in children.
  • 80% maintain the diagnosis into adolescence.
  • 60% are still affected by core symptoms in adulthood.
  • ADHD is under-diagnosed and under-treated.
  • Research shows that ADHD is most likely inherited.
  • There are three subtypes types of ADHD:
  1. predominately inattentive
  2. predominately hyperactive
  3. combined
  • Predominately Inattentive ADHD (ADD) often goes undiagnosed until later in life.
  • New research shows that problems with executive functioning greatly affect those with ADHD.
  • ADHD is a problem with regulating attention not just inattention.
  • Parenting styles do not cause ADHD.
  • Diets and limiting food additives and sugar will not cure ADHD.
  • Treatment for ADHD should always be multi-modal.
  • Using medication for ADHD does not lead to future drug abuse and may decrease the chance that adolescents with ADHD self medicate.
  • Children and adolescents with untreated ADHD are at a greater risk for:
-problems with learning, resulting in less academic success
-dropping out of high school
-poor self esteem
-substance abuse
-increased parent-child conflict and stress
-sustaining injuries and having accidents
-more mental health issues as they grow up
-problems with social skills and peer relationships
-increased number of driving accidents and severity

-becoming a juvenile offender
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