ADHD Facts - Dispelling the Myths

> ADHD is a medical neurobiological disorder, included in the field of mental

> ADHD conservatively occurs in 4% of adults and 5% of children worldwide

> 80% of children maintain their diagnosis into adolescence

> 60% are still affected by impairing core symptoms in adulthood

> Research shows that ADHD is most often inherited

> There are three presentations of ADHD depending on which of the three core
   symptoms (inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity) present:
      * Predominately inattentive (previously referred to as ADD)
      * Predominately hyperactive (very rare)
      * Combined (most prevalent)

> All regulation of attention is impaired in ADHD. Over-focusing can be as
   much of an issue as inattention. Prioritizing attention and breaking and
   shifting attention can all be impaired.  

> Executive functioning impairment and mood dysregulation can also impact
   many children and adults with ADHD
> ADHD is still under-diagnosed and under-treated in Canada

> Parenting styles do not cause ADHD

> Diets and limiting food additives and sugar will not cure ADHD

> Treatment for ADHD should always be multi-modal

> Children, adolescents and adults with untreated ADHD are at a greater risk
     * Learning difficulties, less academic success, school dropout, and fewer
        years of schooling
     * Additional mental health disorders and problems with self esteem
     * Substance abuse and a greater chance of becoming involved in the
        justice system
     * More accidents and sustaining injuries, more automobile accidents and
        earlier death   

> ADHD impedes the acquisition of human and social capital. By not  
   recognizing and treating ADHD costs to the Canadian economy increase.  


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